V r. 2013 dvě nezávislé skupiny osekvenovaly kompletní genomy obou taxonomicky známých druhů latimérií (Latimeria). Článek krátce shrnuje celou historii jejich objevu, zeměpisné rozšíření a stručně podává přehled vývoji poznatků o jednotlivých částech jejich genomu. Poté komentuje výsledky zmíněných celogenomových studií zejména vzhledem ke dvěma skupinám genů – společné pro paprskoploutvé ryby (Actinopterygii) a latimérii a společné pro latimérii a čtvernožce (Tetrapoda).

Použitá a citovaná literatura:
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Amemiya, C. T. a 90 dalších autorů, 2013: The African coelacanth genome provides insigths into tetrapod evolution. Nature (London) v. 496: 311–316
Amemiya, C. T., 2014: An ancient mariner. Biological implications of the coelacanth genome.
Bockman, F. A., De Carvalho, M. R., De Carvalho, M., 2013: The salmon, the lungfish (or the coelacanth) and the cow. A revival, Zootaxa 3750 (3): 265–276.
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Hillis, D. M., Dixon, M. T., Ammerman, L. K., 1991: The relationships of the coelacanth Latimeria chalumnae: evidence from sequences of vertebrate 28s ribosomal RNA genes Environmental Biology of Fishes 32: 119–130.
Larsson, T., A., Larson, E. T., Larhammar, D., 2007: Cloning and sequence analysis of the neuropeptide Y receptors Y5 and Y6 in the coelacanth Latimeria chalumnae. General and Comparative Endocrinology 150(2): 337–342.
Nikaido, M., Sasakia, T., Emersonb, J. J., Aibaraa, M., Mzighania, S. I., Budebac, Y. L., Ngatungac, B. P., Iwatad, M., Abed, Y., Lie, W.-H., Okada, N., 2011: Genetically distinct coelacanth population off the northern Tanzanian coast. PNAS, vol. 108: 18009–18013.
Nikaido, M. a 28 dalších autorů, 2013: Coelacanth genomes reveal signatures for evolutionary transition from water to land. Genome Research 23(10): 1740–1748.
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Zardoya, R., Meyer, A., 1997: The complete DNA sequence of the mitochondrial genome of a „living fossil“,the coelacanth (Latimeria chalumnae). Genetics 146 (3): 995–1010.
Zhu, M., Yu, X., Lu, J., Qiao, T., Zhao, W., Jia, L., 2012: Earliest known coelacanth skull extends the range of anatomically modern coelacanths to the Early Devonian. Nature Communications Vol: 3 Article Number: 772 DOI: 10.1038/ncomms1764.

Two independent research groups decipher the complete genomes of both taxonomically known species of the genus Latimeria. This note briefly summarizes the discove­ry and geographic distribution of coelacanth species, and overviews the history of findings dealing with various parts of their genomes. It also comments on the results of both whole genome sequencing studies, especially as regards two gene groups – those present in ray-finned fishes (Actinopterygii) and coelacanth and those present in coelacanth and tetrapods.