Archeologové často diskutují o pohybu obyvatel na určitém území a spolu s antropology, archeozoology a archeobotaniky uvažují o spektru rostlin a zvířat sloužících k výživě lidí v dávné minulosti. V posledních desetiletích do těmto studií proniká nová technika, a to měření kvantitativních poměrů obsahu přirozených izotopů vybraných prvků (např. uhlík, kyslík, stroncium) obsažených v tkáních, kostech a zubech.

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Archaeologists very often discuss movements of inhabitants in the particular area and together with anthropologists consider the range of plants and animals used for human feeding in the past. New techniques have been applied in the relevant studies, such as the quantitative estimation of natural isotope levels in particular elements (e.g. carbon, oxygen, strontium) found in tissues, bones and teeth.