Narušení neboli disturbance byly rozpoznány coby klíčové faktory dynamiky pralesovitých porostů. V přehledové studii je nejprve ukázáno, jak se historicky měnil pohled na narušení v přirozených lesích. Následně jsou na případových studiích popsány hlavní disturbanční fenomény a metody datování disturbancí. Článek se zaměřuje především na středoevropské temperátní lesy.

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The disturbances were recognized to be key driving factors of old-growth forest dy­namics. In a review study, it is first shown how the evaluation of disturbances of old--growth forests has historically changed. Subsequently, the main disturbance phenomena and techniques of disturbance da­ting are described using case studies. The review focuses mainly on Central European temperate forests.